• State and local policies and regulations.
  • Priorities of jurisdictional stormwater programs influenced by the Chesapeake Bay Total Maximum Daily Load.


  • State and local funding.
  • Private sector funding.
  • Other sources of funding.

Capacity and Knowledge

  • Local governments’ capacity and knowledge.
  • Capacity and knowledge of nonprofit organizations, partner groups and volunteers.
  • Private sector capacity and knowledge.

Outreach and Education

  • Local, state or watershed-wide outreach campaigns.

Drivers of Canopy Loss

  • Development.
  • Utility-related removals.
  • Homeowner/property owner removals.
  • Deer browse.
  • Pests or disease (e.g., Emerald Ash Borer).
  • Storms.
  • Mortality related to poor maintenance or site conditions.
  • Mortality related to the natural aging of tree populations.