• Watershed-Wide Actions


    • Monitoring submerged aquatic vegetation throughout the Chesapeake Bay, ensuring access to up-to-date data on the extent and recovery of underwater grasses in the Bay and its tributaries.
    • Working to achieve water clarity/submerged aquatic vegetation standards in those areas designated with the applicable use.
    • Evaluating and enhancing statutes and regulations that protect existing underwater grass beds.
    • Managing invasive plant and animal species (e.g., water chestnut and mute swans) that are considered detrimental to existing populations of underwater grasses.
    • Planting, at minimum, 20 acres of submerged aquatic vegetation seeds and propagules (e.g., Vallisneria Americana seeds in Maryland and Zostera marina seeds in Virginia) in appropriate areas each year until this outcome is reached.
    • In the course of completing non-submerged aquatic vegetation specific projects with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Baltimore District, searching for opportunities to optimize conditions that would allow for the natural or assisted restoration of underwater grasses.
    • Advancing knowledge in the fields of submerged aquatic vegetation biology, ecology and genetics, as well as submerged aquatic vegetation restoration techniques.
    • Advancing knowledge of the effects of human-induced stressors on submerged aquatic vegetation, including climate change.
    • Determining the economic value of the ecosystem services performed by underwater grasses.

    July – December 2016

    • Completing and publishing a technical synthesis of research regarded submerged aquatic vegetation in the Bay.
    • Improving the submerged aquatic vegetation component of the Chesapeake Bay Program’s Watershed Model.

    January – June 2017

    • Expanding the number and diversity of partners that fund the Virginia Institute of Marine Science annual aerial survey of underwater grasses.

    January – June 2018

    • Developing a communications strategy that enhances the public’s knowledge of and appreciation for submerged aquatic vegetation in the Bay.